The Emerson Avenger

The Emerson Avenger is a "memory hole" free blog where censorship is scorned. This blog will "guard the right to know" about any injustices and abuses that corrupt Unitarian Universalism. Posters may speak and argue freely, according to conscience, about any injustices and abuses, or indeed hypocrisy, that they may know about so that the Avenger, in the form of justice and redress, may come surely and swiftly. . . "Slowly, slowly the Avenger comes, but comes surely." - Ralph Waldo Emerson

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Location: Montreal, Quebec, Canada

In 1992 I underwent a profound revelatory experience of God which revealed that the total solar eclipse "Eye of God" is a "Sign in the Heavens" that symbolizes God's divine omniscience. You may read about what Rev. Ray Drennan of the Unitarian Church of Montreal contemptuously dismissed as my "psychotic experience" here: http://revelationisnotsealed.homestead.com - This revelatory religious experience inspired me to propose an inter-religious celebration of Creation that would take place whenever a total solar eclipse took place over our planet. You may read about what Rev. Ray Drennan and other leading members of the Unitarian Church of Montreal falsely and maliciously labeled as a "cult" here: http://creationday.homestead.com - I am now an excommunicated Unitarian whose "alternative spiritual practice" includes publicly exposing and denouncing Unitarian*Universalist injustices, abuses, and hypocrisy. The Emerson Avenger blog will serve that purpose for me and hopefully others will share their concerns here. Dee Miller's term DIM Thinking is used frequently and appropriately on this blog. You may read more about what DIM Thinking is here - http://www.takecourage.org/defining.htm

Saturday, June 30, 2007

Rev. Marjorie Bowens-Wheatley's Amazingly "Meaningless" U*U Prayer

This post began as a comment to this post by U*U blogger ChaliceChick however I feel that it is worthy of being a full post here, especially since there is a possibility that my comment will be "memory-holed" by the ChaliceChick. This one is too good to waste. . . It exposes the inner emptiness of this U*U prayer by the late Rev. Marjorie Bowens-Wheatley.


Well this U*U prayer serves to illustrate what Rev. Joseph Santos-Lyons aka Radical Hapa recently said about "liberals" (insert U*Us here. . .) -

"A habit of liberals is to want to fix everything on the outside," says Santos-Lyons, 34. "But we don't turn inward and fix ourselves."

Allow me to underline this regrettable fact in my usual manner of inserting appropriate links into this U*U prayer that is clearly directed outside of the U*U community, and fails to turn inwards and fix U*Uism. . .


We have known war, and once again, there are rumors of wars.
And so we come this morning
to lay this burden on the altar of prayer.

We know that violence cannot sustain us …
And so we seek a new way:
a way that leads to peace …
a way that leads to the promise of
freedom, justice, and security
for all the peoples of the Earth.

Oh Thou who gives us perfect freedom to find the ways of truth:

We know that democracy is a fragile thing that needs to be guarded;
And some of us see our nation taking a backward stepisolating and insulating itself from the world.

It’s easy to think that our voices are not being heard;
that we have been silenced.
And under such circumstances,
one can easily resort to disillusionment and anger.

But let our thoughts not turn to cynicism and despair.
Let our fears not become helplessness or hopelessness.

Help our leaders to transcend their delusion
about the righteousness of their cause.
Help them to respect the Sacredness of Life more than conquest.

In the coming days and weeks,
as we wander through pathways unknown,
“Grant us wisdom. Grant us courage.
Lest we miss your peaceful goal.”

Ashé. As’Salaam Alakim. Blessed be. Shalom, and Amen.

I think the foregoing sufficiently illustrates the inner emptiness of that U*U prayer. . .

Friday, June 29, 2007

Unitarians Universalists in the Media. . .

The Washington Post and a fair number of other newspapers published this Associated Press story about the U*U community's answer to Dr. Kevorkian. . . I wonder if this recent news item will show up on the UUA's Unitarians Universalists in the Media web page?

Minister Faces Extradition Over Suicide

By TOM BREEN
The Associated Press
Wednesday, June 27, 2007; 11:13 PM

CHARLESTON, W.Va. -- A one-time Unitarian minister who helped a Dublin woman kill herself in 2002 faces extradition to Ireland after being taken into custody on a federal arrest warrant.

George Exoo was arrested Monday in West Virginia and was being held at a jail near his Beckley home. Irish authorities have sought his extradition since he admitted assisting in the suicide of Dublin woman Rosemary Toole at her home.

Five years ago, Exoo told reporters that he and his live-in companion, Thomas McGurrin, sat with Toole as she swallowed crushed pills, covered her head with a plastic bag and breathed helium. He has said he gave her advice on how to commit suicide and helped her practice putting the bag over her head.

Exoo, 64, has said Toole convinced him she had an incurable brain disorder. According to court papers filed by federal prosecutors, however, Irish authorities contend Toole was not terminally ill, but suffered from depression and from a condition that caused swelling in her head.

Exoo was scheduled to attend a bond hearing Friday, according to his lawyer Edward Weis. Weis declined to comment on the case and would not say whether Exoo plans to fight the extradition.

Not Dead Yet, a U.S. disability rights group opposed to legalized euthanasia and assisted suicide, said it was pleasantly surprised by the news of Exoo's incarceration. The group had been pushing for his extradition for years, according to research analyst Stephen Drake, and feared it wouldn't happen.

Drake said he is not aware of any other case in which the U.S. has extradited someone in an assisted suicide case. Toole's death was the first known assisted suicide in Ireland, where it has been illegal since 1993.

The Irish government issued an arrest warrant in 2004, and the U.S. State Department passed it along to prosecutors here the same year. Federal prosecutors did not immediately return calls seeking comment on the timing of Exoo's arrest.

McGurrin has not been arrested and is not named in the criminal complaint. His last listed address in Beckley has a disconnected phone number.

Exoo was once a minister at the New River Unitarian Universalist Fellowship in Beckley, but has not been affiliated with it for several years, according to Kelly Kaufman, the current minister. Kaufman didn't say why he left, but did say he resigned his position after negotiating with the fellowship.

Exoo was contacted by Toole because at the time he ran Compassionate Chaplaincy, a tax-exempt organization he founded that counseled people seeking to commit suicide.

The criminal complaint against Exoo including the transcript of an interview he gave Irish journalist Declan White. In it, he claimed to have helped numerous people commit suicide, and said he believed God endorsed his work.

"If I thought I was doing anything that was condemned by the other side, namely God and the angels, or whatever it is on the other side, I would not do what I am doing," Exoo said, according to the transcript.

He also claimed most of those who had died communicated with him from beyond the grave, including Toole. "When we were in Amsterdam a man brushed past us with two dozen roses and with the aroma I knew it was Rosemary," he said.

Exoo also acknowledged in the interview that he received $2,500 from Toole.


Here is the local take on the story from The Beckley Register Herald.

There may be some interesting letters to the editor following this story up.

Ex-minister faces court hearing in assisted suicide case

By Matthew Hill
Register-Herald Reporter

A detention hearing in the case of a former Beckley Unitarian minister who allegedly assisted a woman with her suicide in Ireland — the country’s first known assisted suicide — is scheduled for Friday in U.S. District Court in Beckley.

George Exoo, 64, will appear for what is the federal government’s version of a bond hearing at 2:30 p.m., court spokesperson Tracy Dorsey-Chapman said. Ireland is seeking Exoo’s extradition. He is being held at Southern Regional Jail following the successful execution of an arrest warrant Monday.

According to documents filed in federal court last Friday, the complaint and arrest warrant were ordered sealed until the warrant could be served on Exoo.

Rosemary Toole, 49, reportedly overdosed on drugs and breathed helium through a plastic bag until she died on Jan. 25, 2002, in Dublin. Investigators believe Exoo was paid $6,000 to participate in the woman’s death. Toole is said to have spent more than a year contacting right-to-die representatives.

Exoo has denied assisting in the suicide, but has admitted he was present when the woman ended her life.

In February 2002, Exoo told The Register-Herald that Toole had contacted a right-to-die organization in Canada that networks with other self-exit groups such as the Hemlock Society and the Compassionate Chaplaincy, to which Exoo belongs.

Her search eventually led her to Beckley, where Exoo served as minister at the New River Unitarian-Universalist Fellowship.

Exoo said he and his live-in companion, Thomas McGurrin, spent a couple of days visiting sites in Ireland before her suicide and were with Toole when she died. Exoo claimed he was paid $1,250 prior to leaving for Ireland, and another $1,250 when he and McGurrin arrived, for travel expenses.

Exoo admits to having been present at more than 100 suicides and said he did not concern himself about Ireland's predominantly Catholic stance against suicide.

Irish authorities have been involved from the inception of the case in keeping abreast of the American investigation.

Bryan O'Connell, an Irish reporter, said in 2002 that Exoo could face stiff penalties if convicted.

“Ireland does not use capital punishment, but the jails here are far different than those in the United States," said O’Connell, an Indiana native. “Jails here are those cold, stone Victorian jails with no bathroom facilities other than a bucket the prisoner is given to use and empty each day. A winter in a jail here can be a hard thing to endure.”

In Ireland, anyone caught “aiding, abetting, counseling or procuring the suicide of another” is guilty of a felony and can be jailed up to 14 years, according to a law enacted there in 1993.

O’Connell said Toole’s death was controversial because she was not known to be terminally ill. Irish media reported she had suffered bouts of mental illness and had been a patient at a mental hospital. Exoo and McGurrin reportedly stayed with Toole about half an hour after she died.

Exoo and McGurrin left Ireland and spent several days in the Netherlands before returning to Beckley. Exoo had been investigated previously by U.S. authorities for his involvement with the suicide of a woman in Sarasota, Fla., where police found no probable cause to arrest him.

Irish authorities began formally seeking Exoo’s extradition three years ago.

— E-mail: mhill@register-herald.com

Monday, June 18, 2007

An Open Letter To UUA President Bill Sinkford aka Rev. William G. Sinkford

Date: Mon, 18 Jun 2007 15:57:39 -0400 (EDT)

From: "Robin Edgar"

Subject: Some Serious Questions For President Sinkford To Answer

To: bsinkford@uua.org, wsinkford@uua.org

An Open Letter To UUA President Bill Sinkford From Robin Edgar

Monday June 18, 2007


Dear President Sinkford,

I am still waiting for genuine justice and an appropriate formal apology from the UUA for the well-known and well-documented injustices and abuses that the UUA is responsible for perpetuating, condoning and even effectively endorsing. I expect genuine justice to be done and a formal apology to be delivered to me on your watch. I am hereby reminding you that I have already informed you in a previous email communication that I expected a formal apology to be delivered to me by the 2007 UUA GA which is just days away. It would appear from your passive resistance, your negligent inaction, and your complicit silence that you have virtually no intention of genuinely waging peace with me as per the letter and the spirit of your Holiday Message of December 1, 2006.

http://www.uua.org/news/newssubmissions/14040.shtml

When are you and other U*Us going to begin genuinely realigning your lives with your purported values in your human relations with me and other victims of clergy misconduct and/or other U*U injustices and abuses?

When are you and other U*Us going to begin to actually move toward change and reconciliation with me and other victims of U*U injustices and abuses?

When are you and other U*Us going to sincerely commit yourselves to the spiritual practice of waging peace - in your hearts, in your congregations and communities, and in the so-called U*U world?

When are you and other U*Us going to move from the futile to the effective, from the stagnant to the active, from the destructive to the creative way of life?

I am still waiting for justice and equity President Sinkford, as are other victims of various injustices and abuses that have been perpetrated by U*U clergy and/or U*U congregations. These serious injustices and abuses have been perpetuated, and indeed significantly escalated and aggravated, because you and other U*Us in positions of authority and responsibility have repeatedly chosen to do little or nothing to responsibly address, and adequately redress, those injustices and abuses that have been committed against us by U*Us.

I am still waiting for you and other U*Us to actually begin waging peace with me and other victims of U*U injustices and abuses. When will you and other U*Us begin waging genuine justice, genuine equity and genuine compassion in your human relations with us? When are you and other U*Us going to actually begin to walk what you apparently insincerely talk President Sinkford? When are you and other U*Us going to begin to genuinely practice what you preach?

I am still waiting for an answer Bill. . . I am still waiting for justice.

If you want genuine peace you must provide genuine justice to me and other victims of U*U clergy misconduct and other injustices committed by U*Us.

Sincerely,

Robin Edgar

Will UUA Trustees Continue To Do Nothing To Respond To Clergy Misconduct?

The following terse email communication was sent to almost all of the UUA Trustees and the UUA administrators listed on this UUA web page last night. UUA President Rev. William G. Sinkford aka Rev. Bill Sinkford will be receiving a somewhat different email "open letter" soon.

It will be interesting to see how UUA Trustees respond to my communication, assuming they respond to it at all. . . UUA Trustees have pretty much ignored and/or dismissed my previous email communications to the UUA Board of Trustees. At best, UUA Trustees have lamely passed the proverbial "buck" back to the very same UUA administrators whose clearly negligent and effectively complicit response to abusive clergy misconduct is the very reason for my sharing my concerns with the UUA Board of Trustees.

Judging by the significant increase in profile views in the last several hours I can be pretty sure that a good number of UUA Trustees and UUA administrators have read this email and have followed the links provided in it.


Date: Mon, 18 Jun 2007 03:04:48 -0400 (EDT)

From: "Robin Edgar"

Subject: Read 'Em And Weep. . .

To: gcourter@uua.org

That's it. That's all.

I am not wasting too many more electrons on negligent and complicit U*Us.

And yes. There’s a very good chance I mean people like you. . .

UUA Trustees have repeatedly ignored and/or arbitrarily dismissed my previous communications to the Board.

http://emersonavenger.blogspot.com/

http://emersonavenger.blogspot.com/2007/01/restorative-justice-for-clergy.html

http://uutruth.blogspot.com/

http://uutruth.blogspot.com/2007/06/how-can-you-help.html

I and other victims of clergy misconduct of various kinds, including clergy sexual misconduct, are still waiting for you and other do nothing U*Us to actually begin to practice justice, equity and compassion in human relations with us rather than just insincerely, if not outright fraudulently, talk about it. . .

Sincerely,

Robin Edgar

U*Us Can't Help It. They Just Can't Help It. . .

uugrrl just made another great post on her excellent 'Speaking Truth To Power' blog that validates and reiterates something that I have been saying for years now. . . U*Us effectively support abusive clergy by doing nothing or next to nothing when victims of clergy misconduct, sexual misconduct or otherwise, bring complaints against abusive U*U clergy.

Here is an "annotated" version of my response to uugrrl's post that eloquently appeals to do nothing U*Us to start actually doing something about clergy sexual misconduct.

Very well said uugrrl.

Edmund Burke's famous saying -

"All that is necessary for the triumph of evil is that good men do nothing."

is quite regrettably all too applicable to how U*Us respond to clergy misconduct of all kinds, to say nothing of other U*U injustices and abuses. . .

Allow me to paraphrase Albert Einstein's similar quote -

The U*U World is an "UNSAFE SECT"; not because of the U*Us who are evil, but because of the U*Us who don't do anything about it.

I remember confronting a certain unmentionable U*U minister from Ottawa about the fact that he and two other unmentionable Canadian U*U ministers had done absolutely nothing to affirm and promote provide justice, equity and compassion when I handed them a package of documents regarding the demeaning and abusive (non-sexual) clergy misconduct of U*Us know who. This U*U minister and two other Canadian U*U ministers conducted the first "peer review" of the unmentionable minister in question and they completely ignored the serious and well-documented complaint that I filed with them.

When I challenged him about their complicit negligence when I encountered him some years later at an anti-globalization protest in Ottawa, where he busy affirming and promoting the inherent worth and dignity of Ottawa police officers by hurling donut jokes at the overweight officers. . . his lame U*U covering response to my challenge was -

"Nobody did anything. . ."

So true. So shameful. And "good" U*Us, including UUA President Bill Sinkford and Rev. Dr. Tracey Robinson-Harris are still doing nothing or next to nothing to responsibly address, and adequately redress, the serious injustices and abuses that you and I and no doubt other people have repeatedly brought to their attention.

Sunday, June 17, 2007

Could It Be. . . *The* Tracey Robinson?

This just posted on the blog of a U*U called Tracey Robinson. . .

Could it be. . . *the* Tracey Robinson?

"Anyway, my point is that these so-called bastions of rationality and logic fail to see how very hypocritical they are being. They are self-righteously denouncing the self-righteousness of Christians. They are ranting against how Christians proselytize...while simultaneously grandstanding how atheism is the only viewpoint for any intelligent human being. And they are doing this with all the condescension and self-importance of any fundamentalist Bible-beater I have ever heard."

I have been saying that for over a decade now about fundamentalist atheist Unitarian*Universalists aka U*Us. . . including some who are U*U clergy such as the inimitable Rev. Ray Drennan formerly of the Unitarian Church of Montreal.

Believe it or not your blog came up as a result of a Google search for Unitarian*Universalist assholes. . .

BTW I don't suppose that you might be this famous U*U?

Editor’s Note: In that the blogger profile of Tracey Robinson states "I'm currently having an early 30s career crisis" it would seem somewhat unlikely that this particular "tree hugging, liberal, Democrat, Unitarian feminist mom trying to save the world" is Rev. Dr. Tracey Robinson-Harris, current Director of the Unitarian Universalist Association’s Congregational Services Staff Group.

Monday, June 04, 2007

Montreal Unitarian U*Us Play Dirty With The Emerson Avenger. . .

Two non-U*U Montreal pedestrians
stop to read the writing on the sidewalk.

This post may evolve a bit over the next day or so before being finalized. More photos to follow.

Well tonight was the Annual General Meeting of the Unitarian Church of Montreal and one of the items that was supposed to be on the agenda was a motion seeking congregational approval for taking more or less unspecified "legal action" against U*Us know who. . . I made a point of being present and engaging in my "alternative spiritual practice" aka "hobby" of publicly protesting against various U*U injustices, abuses, and hypocrisy outside the UCM prior to the AGM which began at 7pm. I did not bother to bring any chalk with me because it had rained and, like a goodly number of the U*Us I know, the sidewalks were all wet. . .

When I emerged from Vendome METRO station near the Unitarian Church of Montreal I was somewhat surprised to find that the streets and sidewalks in the neighborhood were quite dry. I made a quick detour to a nearby Pharmaprix and bought yet another $2.99 bucket of large coloured chalk sticks in order to be able to lay down some protest slogans on the sidewalk in front of the alleged Unitarian Church of Montreal. I placed my picket signs against the usual conveniently situated sign posts, lamp posts, and rubbish bins in front of this self-professed Unitarian "Church" and began to chalk slogans on the sidewalk. My quite prophetic picket signs slogans and sidewalk chalk slogans were most appropriate to the current situation, to say nothing of the past. . .

UNSAFE SECT

U*Us SUPPORT ABUSIVE CLERGY

U*Us SUPPORT ATHEIST BIGOTRY

U*Us PERVERT JUSTICE

U*Us UNDERMINE CIVIL RIGHTS

U*Us SUPPRESS DISSENT

U*Us CRIMINALIZE CRITICS

"CHURCH" OF THE IMMORAL MAJORITY

R U HIP TO U*U HYPOCRISY?

and last, but by no means least. . .

U*U HUBRIS IS QUITE STUNNING

Needless to say it took a bit of time to put the writing on the sidewalk as it were and I did little beyond writing chalk slogans on the sidewalk. I was about to write what was likely to be the last chalk slogan of the night before leaving -

U*Us REFUSE TO WALK WHAT THEY TALK

when an Montreal police cruiser from Station 11 pulled up in front of me, facing oncoming traffic in a bus stop zone, and squawked its siren. I got as far as U*Us REFUSE and then got up and began the usual chat with the police officers in the car. As is often the case they were officers that I had not dealt with before, at least I had no recollection of dealing with them recently. The police officers said that they had received a complaint that I was scaring people and I truthfully told them that I had done virtually nothing other than write the chalk slogans on the sidewalk and had had minimal verbal communication with anyone while doing so.


The two officers got out of the patrol car and surveyed the "damage" that the Unitarian Church of Montreal aka The "Church" Of The Tarnished Image is trying so desperately hard to control. . . They asked me about the chalk slogans and I explained that they were protesting against U*U injustices, abuses and hypocrisy. I pointed out that the chalk slogans protesting against Montreal Unitarian U*Us criminalizing dissent were attested to by their very presence at the scene of the alleged "crime". . . The police officers asked me what the U*U was and and I said that it was the official "corporate identity" of the religious community in question, and that the two Us stood for Unitarian and Universalist. I did not bother to explain to them what CUC Executive Director Mary Bennett's all-inclusive asterisk symbol represented. . .

A second police car showed up and the officers consulted together for a while. After taking my ID the two officers got back in their patrol car to consult their onboard computer and booklet of municipal bylaws etc. At a certain point the gentleman in the blue suit and light grey slacks seen in the extreme right of the photo above approached the police car and began talking to the officers. It was clear that he was doing his darndest to get them to do something and he spoke to them at some length. It was also clear that he was accusing me of scaring people and he seemed to even be accusing me of physically violent behaviour which is patently ridiculous because I have never done anything of a physically violent nature in the whole nine years that I have been protesting. Even when I was physically assaulted by U*Us and a self-professed "rabbi" in the past I never retaliated with physical violence and simply warned them that they risked being charged with assault. As reported elsewhere on the interconnected web of the internet, I did charge that fool of a Queen's Counsel lawyer Kenneth Howard QC with the theft of my picket signs and technical assault on me during the commission of his petty theft and "my favorite petty criminal", who had quite delusionally believed himself to be above the law due to his status as a Queen's Counsel lawyer was duly subjected to non-judicial treatment for the criminal acts that he committed. It is most ironic that, in spite of repeated attempts by deeply misguided and outrageously hypocritical U*Us to criminalize me, the only people who have been found to have committed criminal acts during this conflict are U*Us. . .

At one point this Anonymous U*U (could it be. . . *the* Anonymous U*U?) repeatedly jabbed his right finger at his temple area so he was most likely telling the two police officers what a "crazy" "psychotic" "nutcase" I am. In my previous conversations with the police officers regarding the U*U claims that I am intimidating people I told the officers that, as far as I am concerned, such allegations are false declarations to the police by U*Us desperately seeking to have the Montreal police force an end to my ongoing peaceful public protest. I told the police officers to try to get sworn written depositions from those Montreal Unitarian U*Us who are making such false allegations about me knowing that, if the police ever did so, my shadowy U*U accusers would probably have to shut up because they have nothing of substance to put up. . .

Interestingly enough the aging Anonymous U*U who spoke to the police officers is not someone that I recognize as being a member of the Unitarian Church of Montreal. In fact I do not recall ever having seen this U*U before. To be honest I do not know with any certainty if he is a bona fide Montreal U*U. Maybe he is just another fool of a Queen's Counsel lawyer that Montreal Unitarians somehow persuaded to come to their emotional rescue or something. While he was busily telling the two police officers what a dangerously insane, intimidating, and violent fellow I am I could not restrain myself from calmly commenting to him, within earshot of the police, that he and other "like-minded" U*Us are just being paranoid.

After this Unidentified Lying Objector left, the police officers remained in the car poring over their computer and municipal bylaws etc. I wanted to ask them about what I could do about Montreal Unitarian U*Us making false declarations to the police in their desperate, deeply misguided, and so far. . . utterly futile efforts to criminalize my peaceful public protest in front of their alleged Unitarian "Church." I asked the police officer sitting in the driver's seat nearest to the curb if I could ask him a question. He tersely responded that they would talk to me in "two minutes". Sure enough, several minutes later, he got out of the patrol car and handed me an $85 ticket for "dirtying the sidewalk". . .

I firmly but politely (dareI say civilly?) made it clear to the police officer that I considered that the ticket that he chose to issue was a misuse of a municipal bylaw that infringed on my constitutionally guaranteed right to peaceful public protest and that I would definitely be contesting the ticket in court. He said that it was also against the law to take photos of people without their permission and I asked him if he wanted to give me a ticket for that too. . . He then demanded that collect my picket signs and leave the area, intimitating that I was guilty of disturbing the peace. I pointed out to him that all the Montreal U*Us were in their so-called "church" attending their annual general meeting and that thus there were no U*Us around to disturb. Since I had intended to leave earlier anyway I decided that there was not much point in asserting my right to remain unsilent by insisting on staying and protesting a bit longer so told him that I would comply with his unwarranted demand for tonight. I told him that I would see him later in court.

As I was leaving the scene of the crime, walking back towards the Vendome METRO station, the police car suddenly shot off to the west on de Maisonneuve boulevard with its lights flashing and siren squawking. It seemed to be heading to some genuine emergency situation. I could not help but wonder if the U*U proclivity towards police harassment had prevented these police officers from dealing with some real criminals, or with some kind of serious emergency. . .

A few more words and pictures tomorrow.

It looks like this Anonymous U*U has his head up a police car. . .

Why does this photo remind me so much of the classic image

of an ostrich with its head buried in the sand?